Biodiversity. What is it? It refers to the variety of life in the world, more importantly within a habitat or ecosystem. There are so many different levels to study and so many intricate layers to this. At the biggest level you can study the world and all the species, we know of, that inhabit it. Then at the smallest level you can study the biodiversity in your very own backyard. Biodiversity can be influenced by so many things; heat, light, and other things.
In the Pacific Northwest you would normally think of the vast, old, forests. There are thousands of species in the ecosystem, including the larger-than-life trees and many of the animals that live here. The native species here in Washington and even Oregon contribute billions of dollars to the fisheries, outdoor recreations, and many other parts of the different states economy. The ecosystems here help clean the air that we breath, to the waters where the fish live, and excellent soil of the plants to thrive.
There are many different ecosystems that contribute to the vast diversity of this area. We can see the diversity in the marines, forests, freshwaters, and many other ecosystems. These ecosystems can be threatened by many different factors. Human activity, invasive species, pollution, and sicknesses found in the species.
Some things that help the preservation in the local ecosystems can be seen in private and public protected lands. This doesn’t exactly ensure the quality of the lands but it is a start to help protecting it. However, more needs to be done. There are so many important contributions the life around here provides for us. The oceans and freshwaters provide money to the economy, it provides life support for the states, it’s a natural learning environment for students, young children, and anyone truly curious about life, and it strengthens our cultural heritage and spiritual findings. It also provides food and medicine for the people around us.
As I’ve stated in https://learningenvironment2017.wordpress.com/2017/06/18/under-the-sea/ and other articles climate change can be very dangerous for the ecosystems around here. Mentioned before, the sea levels will rise and will result in erosion. The changes in temperature and decline in the nutrients readily available will affect the salt marshes and the wetlands. Then the raising temperature in the oceans will lead to a decline in plankton, who are the foundation in the food chain. Then as algae increases it will decrease the oxygen levels the deeper you go.
There are so many things that can be done to protect these ecosystems. To increase funding the agencies made to protect the environment, to regulate the pesticides and chemicals used for crops and bug species, try to reduce the amount of erosion happening on the coastlines. Volunteer, donate, and try to do what you can to help the environment. Research chemicals, industries, and other things you use daily to make sure that they are green and ecofriendly.